Authority For Civil Cover Sheet

The JS 44 civil cover sheet and the information contained herein neither replaces nor supplements the filings and service of pleading or other papers as required by law, except as provided by local rules of court. This form, approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States in September 1974, is required for the use of the Clerk of Court for the purpose of initiating the civil docket sheet. Consequently, a civil cover sheet is submitted to the Clerk of Court for each civil complaint and Notice of Removal filed. The attorney filing a case should complete the form as follows:


    II. Jurisdiction. The basis of jurisdiction is set forth under Rule 8(a), F.R.C.P., which requires that jurisdictions be shown in pleadings. Place an "X" in one of the boxes. If there is more than one basis of jurisdiction, precedence is given in the order shown below.

    United States plaintiff.  (1) Jurisdiction based on 28 U.S.C. 1345 and 1348. Suits by agencies and officers of the United States, are included here.

    United States defendant.  (2) When the plaintiff is suing the United States, its officers or agencies, place an "X" in this box.

    Federal question.  (3) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1331, where jurisdiction arises under the Constitution of the United States, an amendment to the Constitution, an act of Congress or a treaty of the United States.  In cases where the U.S. is a party, the U.S. plaintiff or defendant code takes precedence, and box 1 or 2 should be marked.

    Diversity of citizenship.  (4) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1332, where parties are citizens of different states.  When Box 4 is checked, the citizenship of the different parties must be checked. (See Section III below; federal question actions take precedence over diversity cases.)
    III. Residence (citizenship) of Principal Parties.  This section of the JS 44 is to be completed if diversity of citizenship was indicated above. Mark this section for each principal party.

    IV. Origin.  Place an "X" in one of the seven boxes.

    Original Proceedings.  (1) Cases which originate in the United States district courts.

    Removed from State Court.  (2) Proceedings initiated in state courts may be removed to the district courts under Title 28 U.S.C., Section 1441.  When the petition for removal is granted, check this box.

    Remanded from Appellate Court.  (3) Check this box for cases remanded to the district court for further action. Use the date of remand as the filing date.

    Reinstated or Reopened.  (4) Check this box for cases reinstated or reopened in the district court.  Use the reopening date as the filing date.

    Transferred from Another District.  (5) For cases transferred under Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1404(a).  Do not use this for within district transfers or multidistrict litigation transfers.

    Multidistrict Litigation.  (6) Check this box when a multidistrict case is transferred into the district under authority of Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1407.  When this box is checked, do not check (5) above.

    Appeal to District Judge from Magistrate Judgment.  (7) Check this box for an appeal from a magistrate judge's decision.

    V. Nature of Suit.  Place an "X" in the appropriate box.  If the nature of suit cannot be determined, be sure the cause of action, in Section VI below, is sufficient to enable the deputy clerk or the statistical clerks in the Administrative Office to determine the nature of suit.  If the cause fits more than one nature of suit, select the most definitive.
    If you select a choice under "Social Security", a popup window will ask whether this case seeks to review an application previously decided by the court.  Choose either "Yes" or "No", and press the "Continue" button to close the pop-up window.
    If this case is a removal from state court, choose "Yes".  If you answer "Yes", you will be asked to provide a county selected from the dropdown box and a text entry box will allow you to enter the associated case number.
    VI. Cause of Action.  Report the civil statute directly related to the cause of action and give a brief description of the cause. Do not cite jurisdictional statutes unless diversity.
    	Example: U.S. Civil Statute: 47 USC 553
    	          Brief Description: Unauthorized reception of cable service
    VII. Requested in Complaint.  Class Action.  Place an "X" in this box if you are filing a class action under Rule 23, F.R.Cv.P.

    Demand.  In this space enter the dollar amount (in thousands of dollars) being demanded or indicate other demand such as a preliminary injunction.

    Jury Demand. Check the appropriate box to indicate whether or not a jury is being demanded.
    VIII. Refiling & Related Case Info.  Use this section to indicate whether or not the case is a refiling of a previously dismissed action, or is related to a previously filed case.  If the case is a refiling or has a related case, enter the previous case number and the name of the district or magistrate judge who dismissed or currently is assigned the case.
    Date and Attorney Signature.  Date and sign the civil cover sheet.
Return to Civil Cover Sheet JS 44